Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. His teachings dominated Chinese thought and culture for many centuries; and still linger in today’s society. It focuses on education and meritocracy. It believes on superiority of personal exemplification over explicit rules of behavior. Confucius (551 BC â 479 BC) was a Chinese philosopher who is considered one of the most important and influential individuals in history. Socrates introduced philosophy and reflection in the homes of Greece, generating new perspectives on the notions of daily life, virtues and vices, good and evil. He is the published author of
The three requisites for the government are stated as thus in decreasing order of priority:-, 1. In her work, Heraclitus began to outline what would be an ideal or functional state. Life gives way to death, health to illness; A man can not know what it is to be healthy if he has never been sick. He/She should be successful in being a human and make use of his/her ability to do well for the state, society and the world at large. The Contribution of Philosophy. In this way, the philosopher manages to expose the changing character not only of nature, but also of man. 3. Confucianism is mostly indifferent to big metaphysical and physical mysteries but has a more practical approach. However, he did not go much deeper and, instead, exposed particular conceptions in the face of war and the power of one man over another. Plato also believed that talent wasn't genetic or in-born, and that the state should be responsible for seeking out and developing the intellect of children, regardless of their socio-economic backgrounds. He introduced the philosophical treatment of all possible questions, since for him no aspect of life was unimportant. He is thus credited for positively impacting the education system in China by making it focus on meritocracy rather than inherited status. While taking formal education at Sacred Heart... Abraham Lincoln is a very popular president among critics as well as the general public. The Logos, then, facilitated the relations between the natural elements, the well-being of the soul, the nature of the divine, etc. By systematically measuring everything around him, he tried to disobey customs and question the hegemonic views of the time, based primarily on mythology. Spring and Autumn Annals (æ¥ç§) â These are historical chronicles of the State of Lu, Confucius’s native state. It largely talks about the division of labor. Many new discover and findings have been made. Though Confucianism is practiced as a religion by many, scholars point out many dissimilarities vis-a-vie patterns observed among other faiths. Like the Milesia School, whose thought attributed to Such , Anaximander and Anaximenes , Heraclitus also defined a primordial and original element for the material and existing: the fire, considered also part of the human soul. Just as the philosophers of the School of Milesia developed in their works the existence of a natural element that serves as the essence and origin of all that exists, Heraclitus continued this line of thought and attributed this quality to fire. Da Xue or Great Learning â It primarily has chapters on achieving a state of balance. vi. The word, the reflection, the reason. How Philosophy Shapes Our Day to Day Lives. Up to this point, Ptolemy's model had been followed, which proposed that the earth was the center of the universe ( Geocentrism ). Philosophy of social science, branch of philosophy that examines the concepts, methods, and logic of the social sciences.The philosophy of social science is consequently a metatheoretical endeavourâa theory about theories of social life. 2. Another area where philosophy is relevant to society is normative social philosophy -- the theory of justice, human well-being, or communitarianism/liberalism, for example. 1. He considered himself to have re-transmitted the values of the great sages of the golden age of Zhou Dynasty centuries ago. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. 2. Building upon the wisdom of ancient Chinese sages, Confucius expounded a set of political and moral doctrines; and social and political ethics based on family, kinship, loyalty, righteousness and what may be termed as the fundamental ideas of humanity. The Four Books were the basis of Chinaâs civil service examinations from 1313 till 1905, when the examinations were abolished. At that time in Greece, the number of people considered to be citizens was minimal, and children, women and slaves were excluded. It lays emphasis on belief in and encouragement of humanity. Our sense of time, and ability to communicate across it with language means that our perspective of existence is lacking in the immediacy of other species. #5 His teachings inspired Neo-Confucianism which impacted China for almost 6 centuries, #6 Confucius positively influenced the education system of his country, Confucius was an eminent scholar and a teacher throughout his life. Copernicus proposed a model of a spherical universe, in which both the Earth and the planets and stars revolved around the Sun. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics. 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