Ea, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Enlil. The god personifying the sweet-water-ocean, slain by Ea during the first war of the gods, and sealed in a sacred chamber where Marduk was born. Ea's symbols are the goat-fish and a sceptre with a ram's head. If a Mesopotamian god is wounded, his or her godly life force will enable him or her to recover at a superhuman rate. Since Marduk is the major God of the Babylonians, this myth then becomes the story of how Babylon came to rule Mesopotamia. He was sent to sleep by the god Ea and became the freshwater ocean on which the earth was believed to float. Several Mesopotamian gods have been thought to have inhabited the Apsu, together with Enki; his spouse, Damgalnuna; Enki’s minister, Isimud; and various lesser deities.In the Babylonian fable Enuma Elish, Apsu was the identify of a primeval creature of the freshwater that lived earlier than the creation of the world. E-babbar - (House of the Judge of the World). At first, he was no more than a local deity, but soon his worship was taken to another level. Tiamat is the Mesopotamian goddess associated with primordial chaos and the salt sea best known from the Babylonian epic Enuma Elish.In all versions of the myth, following the original, Tiamat always symbolizes the forces of chaos, which threaten the order established by the gods, and Marduk (or Ashur in Assyrian versions) is the hero who preserves it. The primordial beings who represented fresh and salt water, Apsu and Tiamat, were the parents of all the gods, including Anu, god of the sky, Enlil, god of air, and Enki, god of water. When Babylon conquered the rest of Mesopotamia and established the Old Babylonian Empire around 1800 BCE, it became necessary to explain how the local god of Babylon, Marduk, had now become supreme among the gods. “ Kuara, the beloved city which you have chosen in your heart, lives in joy because of you. Ea killed him 12. He was the patron god of the Sumerian city-state of Nippur and his main center of worship was the Ekur temple located there. Picture list ... Apsu - God of underground waters derived from the Sumerian Abzu. Ashnan Sumerian. Apsu became the home of Ea. The myth starts by describing the ancient landscape of Mesopotamia, thousands of years ago. Apsu, the sweet water, mixes with Tiamat of the salt water. The latter two gave rise to a very important god called Anu (An) who had a son called Ea (Enki). Spirit name "Ardat lili" Babylonian: Maids … Apsu (Absu, Apason, Apsu-Rishtu) (sweet water ocean) In Near Eastern mythology (Babylonian), primordial god of fresh water, husband of Tiamat, or chaos. Derived from the Sumerian ABZU. In the city of Eridu, Enki's temple was known as E 2-abzu (house of the deep waters) and was located at the edge of a swamp, an abzu. He became one of the important gods known as the lords of Abzu or Apsu, the god of fresh water. The “abzu” is simply the Sumerian word for abyss. Apsu was there from the first, the source of both. Mesopotamian creation story. In Sumerian mythology, he was the god of sky, husband of Nintu (Ki), and the father and ruler of all gods. Just these two gods in a planet sized swimming pool. At the top, we have the primordial gods Tiamat (the Dragon Mother) and Apsu. Ea is attended by a god with two faces called Usmu (Isimud). He was the father of the gods. The most important temple in Eridu was known as the E-abzu , or “Temple of the Abyss” , which was the cult center of the god Enki . Apsu Babylonian. An, Enlil (or Ellil) and Enki are the “high gods” of Mesopotamia, with jurisdiction respectively over heaven, earth and the watery abyss (the Apsu) under the earth. The goddess who created Enkidu from clay after the people of Erech begged her for help after Gilgamesh had become arrogant and tyrannical through lack of challenge. In Sumerian culture. The word 'apsu' sometimes referred to a sacred place in the watery depths, where Apsu the dragon dwelled and later the god Enki resided.. As a place name, apsu was used to refer to the extensive sweet waters that produced the southern Mesopotamian marshlands when it became the home to the wise god Enki and the birthplace of Marduk. He is the chief god of the Great Triad, with Ea and Enlil. He was also one of the triad of deities alongside Enlil and Anu. Tiamat is a Mesopotamian goddess that was the primal embodiment of the salt sea and former wife of Apsu, god of the sweet sea. At first, all was well, but the younger gods became increasingly loud and boisterous, upsetting their parents: The divine brothers came together. Apsu, also known as Abzu or Absu, is the Babylonian god of freshwater. Anu was child of Ansar and Kisar, the very first pair of gods, and the descendant of primordial beings Apsu and Tiamat. APSU - The same god as Absu/Abzu. Certain tanks of holy water in Babylonian and Assyrian temple courtyards were also called abzu (apsû). Inanna also had a sister named Ereshkigal, also known as Irkalla and Allatu who is the Mesopotamian Queen of the Dead, ruler of the underworld. Children of either Apsu and Tiamat or Lahmu and Lahamu; Anu (Akkadian) or An (in Sumerian meaning "above" or "heaven")—the Mesopotamian sky god, father, and king of the gods, supreme god of the Sumerian pantheon, and city god of Uruk. Ziusudra, a godly priest-king of the city of Shuruppak, son of the SKL’s Ubartutu, is the Sumerian equivalent of Noah, being warned in a dream that An and Enlil are determined to destroy “the seed of mankind” in a flood. Ea is the god of the fresh waters known as 'apsu' on which the Earth floats. Among their children are Anshar and Kishar, who in turn bore Anu (Great Father of the Sky), Ki (Earth Mother) and Antu (Great Mother of the Sky). He is a god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and arts and crafts. Aruru Babylonian. Not a complete listing, but this is the majority of them and their rulerships: Primordial gods: Nammu - mother goddess of creation, fertility, and personification of the Apsu (the freshwater ocean) Tiamat - mother goddess of chaos, creation, dragons, and the saltwater ocean (replaced Nammu in the Akkadian pantheon) Apsu - god personification of fresh water; … God name "Apsu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian: God of underground primeval waters. As with most pantheons, the Babylonian gods were headed by two gods, in this case Apsu and Tiamat. The other is the figure of the sea as a monstrous adversary, like the Levantine god Yamm (see also Jacobsen 1968: 107). Later myths tell that the sweet and salty waters came together with a third element—possibly cloud—and created the first gods. Daughter of … According to Enūma eliš Anšar and Kišar gave birth to the god Anu (Black and Green 1998: 34), whereas a late lexical list sugges List of Mesopotamian Gods. 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